International Labour Organisation

Countries: Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Canada, China, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, France, Germany, India, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Syria, Turkey, USA, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Yemen


Topic A: Creating a comprehensive policy plan for Target 8.7 of Agenda 2030

Created in 2015, Target 8.7 is one of the 169 targets that form part of Agenda 2030: “Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms.” Whilst all 193 UN members worked on Agenda 2030, a special coalition of 8 countries and 144 organizations has been made which will focus specifically on 8.7. The thought process behind this alliance was that although individual steps have already been made towards achieving the target, meeting the target by 2030 would only be possible through a combined effort. That being said, the coalition is quite young, and the past few years have focussed mainly on establishing itself and starting the necessary work. The next step would be to develop the plan for the next few years and identify how the alliance will provide effective support for efforts to meet the Target, and this is exactly what the committee should be aiming to achieve by the end of the conference.


Topic B: The potential of technology in addressing labour force gaps

Low-skilled workers are often claimed to be those most harmed by technological developments, as automated advancements regularly replace workers undertaking repetitive tasks. Many governments use the same rhetoric to justify protectionist measure so that such industry demographics are not ‘lost’. They are most prevalent in manufacturing, accommodation and food service, and retail trade, and include some middle-skill jobs – in these sectors unemployment is rife. However, at the same time employment opportunities are on the surge for workers skilled and educated in IT and engineering related disciplines. Technology is benefiting those with greater analytical, problem solving and creative skills and countries with educational projects stressing careers with these skills benefit economically. The anticipated shift in the activities in the labor force is of a similar order of magnitude as the long-term shift away from agriculture and net decrease in manufacturing share of employment (in countries such as the United States), both of which were accompanied by the creation of new types of work not foreseen at the time. Policymakers should embrace the opportunity for their economies to benefit from the productivity growth potential and put in place policies to encourage investment and market incentives to foster continued progress and innovation. At the same time, they must evolve and innovate adaptive policies that help workers and institutions. This will likely include rethinking education and training, income support and safety nets, as well as transition support for those dislocated. The ILO as an organisation that brings together governments and the labour market plays and will continue to play an important role in their transition into the new age of automation, and the protection of workers rights as throughout these changes.

CHAIRS

 

Hello everyone,
my name is Christopher, I’m half German, half British and I’m doing my master’s in Physics and Computer Science in Münster, Germany. In my spare time I enjoy mind sports such as Go and Chess. Furthermore, I’m studying Chinese and I dance Salsa. Overall, I’m quite a geek – you can get me hooked with everything science. I love travelling to new places and meeting new people. I love the feeling of understanding the world a little better each time. I’m very keen on politics. (Surprise!) With a bit more (scientific) reason and compassion we can make the world a better place. “From each according to their ability, to each according to their needs.” I’m a big fan of MUNs. They’re so much fun that it’s tiring and that’s awesome. I was introduced to MUNs in grammar school. I participated in four conferences during that time. Last year I restarted my MUN “career”, bringing my count up to eleven MUNs. This will be my third time chairing. I look forward to meeting you all soon!


Hi! I am Tanisha Harrevelt and I will be your chairing the ILO this year at AUCMUN. I am 20 years oldand happy to say that I have been living in Amsterdam for 1,5 years. Furthermore I am currently in my third year of my Sociology bachelor at the UvA. Besides that I’m doing a minor in Business administration and I hope to graduate next academic year. I also work part-time at a customer service company for an energy supplier. This is my sixth MUN and it will be my second time chairing. Most of my MUN experience is in human rights so this committee will be a nice challenge for me too.
My hobbies include going out with friends, dancing and doing MUN. I try to work out and stay in shape for time to time but fail to do so on the regular. I am very excited to be chairing the upcoming
conference!