Actors: Judges (15 – US will be replaced), Ad hoc Judges (2), Defendant (2), Prosecutor (2), Ambassador Agents (2), Advisor (2)
Topic: Palestine v. USA: Relocation of US Embassy to Jerusalem
On December 6th 2017, the Trump administration announced the relocation of the American embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, and recognised the controversial city as the capital of Israel. The UNGA and UNSC have stated that any decisions and actions which purport to have altered, the character, status or demographic composition of the Holy City of Jerusalem have no legal effect, meaning that they are null and void under international law. This was reiterated in a UNSC resolution on 18th December 2017 which failed due to a veto by the USA. In response, the UNGA held an Emergency Special Session in which it adopted resolution ES-10/19, reaffirming the previous statement regarding actions and decisions regarding Jerusalem and additionally called for all states to refrain from the establishment of diplomatic missions in the Holy City of Jerusalem, pursuant to UNSC Resolution 478 (1980).
In July 2018, the State of Palestine issued a declaration recognizing the competence of the International Court of Justice for the settlement of all disputes that may arise. The State of Palestine has requested the court to (a) declare the relocation as a breach of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations in 1961, (b) order the USA to withdraw their diplomatic mission from Jerusalem and (c) order the USA to comply with its obligations and refrain from future violations. The ICJ will debate Palestine’s points of contention, rule whether the USA is violating international law and on the aforementioned points.