Countries: Albania, Algeria, Canada, Republic of China, Colombia, Finland, France, Hungary, Mauritania, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Paraguay, People’s Republic of China, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Spain, Switzerland, Sweden, Turkey, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, United Kingdom, United States of America, Zambia
Topic: Accession of the PRC to the ROC’s seat in the UN in the mid- to late 1960’s
With the communist victory in the Chinese Civil War (1927 – 1950), the nationalists fled to the Republic of China (ROC) to establish a nationalist Chinese government while the People’s Republic of China (PRC) was established in the mainland. A One-China policy was adopted by both governments, as well as several other nations where only one of the two nations would be recognized as “China”. The ROC held a seat in the UN since its foundation, and had permanent status in the UNSC, causing the USSR to boycott the Security Council in protest. In the 1950s and 1960s, countries like the UK, France, Sweden and Switzerland began switching their recognition from Taipei to Beijing as it became clear that the ROC was unlikely to recover the country they lost.
In 1960, the political relationship between the Soviet Union and the PRC, the two main communist states at the time, began to deteriorate in what became known as the Sino-Soviet Split. Due to Cold War tensions and politics, the USA began seeking rapprochement with China in order to control the situation in Vietnam and use them as a political tool against the Soviet Union. In the 1960’s, the majority of countries still recognized the ROC as the legitimate government of China. However, Albania lobbied for annual votes to recognize the PRC, but failed in a General Assembly resolution in 1668. The debate will be taking place in 1969, when times are changing, and positions too…
Hi, my name is Felix Dejaiffe. I’m a student from the Catholic University of Louvain La Neuve in Belgium from which I hold a bachelor’s in political science. I’m currently working my way through a master’s in international Relations and Diplomacy. Having lived in Spain, Italy, and Belgium while practicing MUN since his secondary school years, I’m a passionate multicultural researcher in International relations, especially regarding European and Asian foreign affairs.
Working as a Teacher/Coach for the LouvainMUN Association, I’m excited to work as a Co-Chair for the AUCMUN Crisis Committee, where I expect to meet great people and share a unique opportunity to discuss and debate about International affairs.
As a student who grew up in a multicultural environment, I believe in the values of the UN Charter, furthermore, considering that MUN conferences can provide an enriching experience to the youth in order to become dedicated world citizens. In my opinion, MUN is not only about educating our minds but also our hearts and our souls, as citizens who believe that our differences are our wealth and what unites us.
Dear delegates, as the chair of the Historical United Nations Security Council, I am glad to have the honor to welcome you all to AUCMUN 2019. My name is Ruya Aysu Erdogan. I am originally from Turkey and currently a first year student at the University of Amsterdam, studying Political Science. I have been doing MUN since high school and it was the main reason why I chose to study politics. This conference will be my 17th in total, and my sixth chairing experience. After participating in and organizing many conferences in Turkey, I did an internship at the United Nations Resident Coordinator Office of Turkey, became the Under-Secretary General of the UNSC in a university conference when I was in high school, and also served as the President of the General Assembly in my high school’s conference. AUCMUN will be my second MUN experience as a university student but my first in Amsterdam, which is why I am really looking forward to it. Please do not hesitate to contact me from the email address firstname.lastname@example.org if you have any questions. I would be glad to help!
-Rüya Aysu Erdogan